"When it comes to facts and explanations of facts, science is the only game in town"
Our guest for the latest Logos Live podcast, Rev. Dr. Chris Mulherin (Executive officer of ISCAST - Christians in science), reflected on this statement. There are some, like Professor Dawkins, and philosopher Daniel Dennett, who claim that science is the only game in town when it comes to facts and explanations of facts.
Yet Chris outlined that this statement is clearly false - science is not the only game in town when it comes to explanations of facts. Firstly, the statement is self-refuting - i.e. the statement "When it comes to facts and explanations of facts, science is the only game in town" is not actually a scientific statement. Then secondly, science doesn't give answers to what humans call the most important questions of life. These are questions of meaning and purpose.
This does not mean that science is useless - quite the contrary, science is brilliant at giving us answers about mechanisms and particles. Science is exciting, science reveals truth about the world we live in, but it has areas of expertise - it has limits. Science does not tell us whether love matters, it doesn't tell us about morality, purpose or meaning.
In A Devil's Chaplain Dawkins advocates the scientific method as a good and reliable way of knowing what is true in the world. i.e. a prediction which can be tested. Yet this fails when it comes to 'testing' if it is true and right to torture three year old girls. We could work out a hypothesis and a prediction that will prove that, but that's not how morality works. We don't need to conduct an experiment to demonstrate that this is wrong.
What words do you have for Professor Dawkins? Can we live by science alone?
It has been 10 years since the publication of Richard Dawkins' bestseller The God Delusion. The book has sold over 3 million copies and Richard Dawkins has become one of the most influential atheists in our world today. Professor Richard Dawkins was invited to the recording, but he was unable to attend because of health reasons. So we asked Chris Mulherin what he would say to Professor Dawkins if he had a private word.
Well, if I had a private word with Professor Dawkins I would ask him why he's so angry at religious people; I would tease him out a little bit. Because I suspect I would probably agree with a lot of the things he thinks about the evils of religion, or the importance of his relationship with his daughter.
I would like to convince him that actually most of the religious people I know are not like the caricature of the religious people that he attacks. I would like to try and open a door to him to think that, firstly, to be religious isn't necessarily to be like the stereotypes that he has, and secondly, that science is not the only game in town.
Photo by ThisIsEngineering: https://www.pexels.com/photo/woman-writing-on-a-whiteboard-3862130/
Ah, the limits of science - The Bourne Legacy
I know, I know, quoting movies is not an argument, but I do love this scene in the Bourne Legacy in which the scientist Dr Marta Shearing (Rachel Weisz) actually meets Aaron Cross (Jeremy Renner) as a person, who was previously only known to her as '5'.
The key lines are in italics:
Dr. Marta Shearing: You were viraled off physical medication last year.
Aaron Cross: What?
Dr. Marta Shearing: Jesus. They viraled everyone off greens eight months ago. They infected you with live virus, which means that physically you’re stable, you don’t need to take greens. They locked it in. Any…any physical enhancement is now permanent.
Aaron Cross: So…so you infected me? When was this? What…is this when I was sick? They mystery flu? That was you?
Dr. Marta Shearing: Uh…well, it wasn’t me. I didn’t do it.
Aaron Cross: That was you. That was on purpose, right? When I almost died!
Dr. Marta Shearing: I’m sorry, but it wasn’t me.
Aaron Cross: Why am I still taking green pills then?
Dr. Marta Shearing: I don’t know. I…I’d thought you’d stop.
Aaron Cross: Why am I…why am I asking you anything? To keep us on a leash, right? Is that it? To keep a hold on us? To keep us dependent? Who tells you that this is okay?
Dr. Marta Shearing: No one…I do…
Aaron Cross: Who says it’s okay?
Dr. Marta Shearing: I do research. I design, I survey, I don’t…I don’t administer meds. I don’t make policy!
Aaron Cross: No, you just hold the gun.
Dr. Marta Shearing: Oh, God! Look, I was there for the science. We were all there for…for science! And I know you don’t care, but I made a huge sacrifice. I couldn’t publish, I couldn’t conference, I couldn’t tell a single person what it was I did! But I thought I was…I thought I was helping my country and I know that…